The sculptures and paintings on display in this room illustrate four major trends in medieval art: the thirteenth-century Italian primitives, still influenced by the “Maniera Greca”; the courtly style that developed in the fourteenth century with the support of wealthy patrons who commissioned devotional images and elegant, individual cult statues; the International Gothic movement which, around 1400, expressed a common European artistic language; and the Late Gothic style, more popular in the North, which clung to the dominant style of the later fifteenth century while the Renaissance was in full bloom in Italy. The altarpiece of the Virgin and Child flanked by St Andrew and St James, produced around 1275 by the Master of the Madeleine, is the oldest Italian panel in the French public collections.

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